Necropolis of Tuvixeddu and The Viper Cave - Cagliari

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Necropolis of Tuvixeddu and The Viper Cave - Cagliari

 

Necropoli di Tuvixeddu

Right in the middle of the city, in the district of Sant’Avendrace, lies the largest Punic necropolis of the Mediterranean area, in terms of extension and sepulchres. The necropolis has been inaccessible for a long time, and was left in state of abandon. It was constituted by well tombs, giving access to the funeral chambers properly said, some of which were finely decorated.  The most beautiful of these tombs are the Fighter Tomb, representing a warrior in the act of throwing its lance, and the Urèo Tomb, representing a cobra, a sacred snake for the ancient Egyptian populations. But the site also includes a Roman necropolis, with a typology of sepulchres called “Arcosolio”, ( the typical sepulchres of the catacombs, with the sarcophagus embedded into a niche and covered by an arch) and another typology called Colombari (consisting of a niche in which the ashes of the dead people were deposited). The funeral ornaments found inside the tombs are now exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum.
During the Second World War, many caves were temporarily occupied by the citizens in search for shelter against the bombings, while in the post-war period, they were used to host the people who lost their houses under the bombs. It’s a real miracle that this site survived, considering that until not more than 30 years ago, it was used as a cave by an important Italian concrete manufacturing company. Thanks also to the active protests of the citizens and some cultural and environmental associations, the project of an archaeological and natural park is now taking shape, which aims at the recovery of the whole area and the valorisation of the heritage herein contained. At time of writing, however, no concrete works are on the way.
The necropolis is reachable by bus with line 8, 20 and 21 (bus stop in Via Is Maglias).

The Viper Cave